P20F2 SCR NOx Catalyst Efficiency Below Threshold Bank 2
OBD-II Trouble Code Technical Description
ASE Certified Technician
总裁俱乐部appSCR NOx Catalyst Efficiency Below Threshold Bank 2
What does that mean?
This is a generic diagnostic trouble code (DTC) and applies to many OBD-II vehicles (1996-newer). That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Audi, Buick, Chevrolet, Ford, GMC, Mercedes-Benz, Subaru, Toyota, Volkswagen etc. Although generic, the exact repair steps may vary depending on year, make, model and powertrain configuration.
总裁俱乐部appWhen a P20F2 is stored in a diesel powered, OBD-II equipped vehicle, it means that the powertrain control module has detected that catalyst efficiency is below threshold for a certain engine bank. This particular code applies to the downstream catalytic converter (or NOx trap) for engine bank two. Bank two is the bank of the engine that contains the number two cylinder.
While modern, clean-burning diesel engines have many advantages over gasoline engines (especially in commercial truck applications), they also tend to produce more of certain harmful exhaust gases than other engines. The most notable of these offensive pollutants are ions of nitrogen oxide (NOx).
总裁俱乐部appExhaust gas recirculation (EGR) systems help to dramatically reduce NOx but many of today’s powerful diesel engines cannot meet strict federal (U.S.) emission standards using the EGR system alone. For this reason, SCR systems were developed.
SCR systems inject diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) into the exhaust in front of the catalytic converter or the NOx trap. The introduction of DEF raises exhaust gas temperature and allows the catalyst element to perform more efficiently. It makes the catalyst last longer and allows fewer NOx emissions to be released into the atmosphere.
Oxygen (O2) sensors, NOx sensors, and/or temperature sensors are placed before and after the catalyst to monitor its temperature and efficiency. The entire SCS system is controlled by either the PCM or a stand-alone controller which interacts with the PCM. Either way, the controller monitors the O2, NOx, and temperature sensors (as well as other inputs) to determine the appropriate time for DEF injection. Precise DEF injection is necessary to maintain exhaust temperature within acceptable parameters and promote optimum NOx filtration.
If the PCM detects a catalyst efficiency that is insufficient for minimum allowble parameters, a code P20F2 will be stored and a malfunction indicator lamp may be illuminated.
What is the severity of this DTC?
Any stored SCR related codes may initiate the SCR system being disabled. The stored code P20F2 should be considered severe and addressed as quickly as possible. Catalyst damage could result if the code is not rectified quickly.
What are some of the symptoms of the code?
Symptoms of a P20F2 trouble code may include:
- Excessive black smoke from vehicle exhaust
- Diminished engine performance
- Reduction in fuel efficiency
- Other stored SCR and emission related codes
What are some of the common causes of the code?
总裁俱乐部appCauses for this code may include:
- Defective O2, NOx, or temperature sensor
- Inoperative SCR system
- Faulty SCR injector
- Incorrect or insufficient DEF fluid
- Bad SCR controller or programming error
- Pre-catalyst exhaust leaks
- Installation of aftermarket or high-performance exhaust components
What are some P20F2 troubleshooting steps?
总裁俱乐部appIf other SCR or exhaust emissions codes or exhaust temperature codes are stored, these should be addressed before attempting to diagnose the stored P20F2.
Any pre-catalyst exhaust leaks should be repaired before attempting a diagnosis for this type of code.
总裁俱乐部appAccess to a diagnostic scanner, a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM), an infrared thermometer with a laser pointer, and a source of vehicle specific SCR system diagnostic information will be required to diagnose a code P20F2.
Locating a technical service bulletin (TSB) that matches the vehicle year, make, and model; as well as the engine size, code/s stored, and symptoms exhibited could yield helpful diagnostic information.
总裁俱乐部appBegin your diagnosis with a visual inspection of the SCR injection system, exhaust temperature sensors, NOx sensors, and oxygen (02) sensor harnesses and connectors. Burnt or damaged wiring and or connectors should be repaired or replaced before proceeding.
Continue by locating the vehicle diagnostic connector and plugging in the scanner. Retrieve all stored codes and pertinent freeze frame data and record this information before clearing the codes. Afterwards, test drive the vehicle until the PCM either enters readiness mode or the code is reset.
总裁俱乐部appIf the PCM does enter readiness mode, the code is intermittent and may be much more difficult to diagnose at this time. The conditions which contributed to the code being stored may need to worsen before a diagnosis can be reached.
总裁俱乐部appIf the code is reset immediately, search your source of vehicle information to obtain diagnostic flow charts, connector pin out charts, connector face views, along with component testing procedures and specifications. This information will be necessary in completing the next steps of your diagnosis.
Observe the scanner data stream to compare exhaust (pre-cat and post-cat) O2, NOx, and temperature sensor data between engine banks. If inconsistencies are detected, test the respective sensors using the DVOM. Sensors which fail to comply with manufacturer specifications, should be considered defective.
If all sensors and circuitry appear to be functioning as intended, suspect that the catalyst element is faulty or that the SCR system has failed.
- Make sure that the DEF reservoir is filled with the appropriate fluid and that it has not been contaminated in any way
Related DTC Discussions
- There are currently no related topics in our forums. Post a new forum topic now.
Need more help with a P20F2 code?
If you still need help regarding the P20F2 trouble code, please post your question in our FREE car repair forums.
NOTE: This information is presented for information purposes only. It is not intended as repair advice and we are not responsible for any actions you take on any vehicle. All information on this site is copyright protected.