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Your OBD-II Trouble Codes Repair Site

P20F1 SCR NOx Pre-Catalyst - Over Temperature Bank 2

OBD-II Trouble Code Technical Description

Article by
Stephen Darby
Stephen Darby
ASE Certified Technician

总裁俱乐部appSCR NOx Pre-Catalyst - Over Temperature Bank 2

What does that mean?

This is a generic diagnostic trouble code (DTC) and applies to many OBD-II vehicles (1996-newer). That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Audi, Buick, Chevrolet, Ford, GMC, Mercedes-Benz, Subaru, Toyota, Volkswagen etc. Although generic, the exact repair steps may vary depending on year, make, model and powertrain configuration.


 

When a P20F1 is stored in a diesel powered, OBD-II equipped vehicle, it means that the powertrain control module has detected that the temperature for the selective catalyst reduction system (SCR) system exceeds maximum allowable parameters. This particular code applies to the upstream temperature sensor for engine bank two. Bank two is the bank of the engine that contains the number two cylinder.

While modern, clean-burning diesel engines have many advantages over gasoline engines (especially in commercial truck applications), they also tend to produce more of certain harmful exhaust gases than other engines. The most notable of these offensive pollutants are ions of nitrogen oxide (NOx).

Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) systems help to dramatically reduce NOx but many of today’s powerful diesel engines cannot meet strict federal (U.S.) emission standards using the EGR system alone. For this reason, SCR systems were developed.

SCR systems inject diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) into the exhaust in front of the catalytic converter or the NOx trap. The introduction of DEF raises exhaust gas temperature and allows the catalyst element to perform more efficiently. It makes the catalyst last longer and allows fewer NOx emissions to be released into the atmosphere.

总裁俱乐部appTemperature sensors are placed before and after the catalyst to monitor its temperature and efficiency. The entire SCS system is controlled by either the PCM or a stand-alone controller which interacts with the PCM. EIther way, the controller monitors the temperature sensors (as well as other inputs) to determine the appropriate time for DEF injection. Precise DEF injection is necessary to maintain exhaust temperature within acceptable parameters and promote optimum NOx filtration.

总裁俱乐部appIf the PCM detects a pre-catalyst temperature that exceeds maximum allowable parameters, a code P20F1 will be stored and a malfunction indicator lamp may be illuminated.


P20F1

What is the severity of this DTC?

Any stored SCR related codes may initiate the SCR system being disabled. The stored code P20F1 should be considered severe and addressed as quickly as possible. Catalyst damage could result if the code is not rectified quickly.

What are some of the symptoms of the code?

总裁俱乐部appSymptoms of a P20F1 trouble code may include:

What are some of the common causes of the code?

总裁俱乐部appCauses for this code may include:

What are some P20F1 troubleshooting steps?

总裁俱乐部appIf other SCR or exhaust emissions codes or exhaust temperature codes are stored, these should be addressed before attempting to diagnose the stored P20F1.

Any pre-catalyst exhaust leaks should be repaired before attempting a diagnosis for this type of code.

Access to a diagnostic scanner, a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM), an infrared thermometer with a laser pointer, and a source of vehicle specific SCR system diagnostic information will be required to diagnose a code P20F1.

总裁俱乐部appLocating a technical service bulletin (TSB) that matches the vehicle year, make, and model; as well as the engine size, code/s stored, and symptoms exhibited could yield helpful diagnostic information.

Begin your diagnosis with a visual inspection of the SCR injection system, exhaust temperature sensors, NOx sensors, and oxygen (02) sensor harnesses and connectors. Burnt or damaged wiring and or connectors should be repaired or replaced before proceeding.

总裁俱乐部appContinue by locating the vehicle diagnostic connector and plugging in the scanner. Retrieve all stored codes and pertinent freeze frame data and record this information before clearing the codes. Afterwards, test drive the vehicle until the PCM either enters readiness mode or the code is reset.

总裁俱乐部appIf the PCM does enter readiness mode, the code is intermittent and may be much more difficult to diagnose at this time. The conditions which contributed to the code being stored may need to worsen before a diagnosis can be reached.

If the code is reset immediately, search your source of vehicle information to obtain diagnostic flow charts, connector pin out charts, connector face views, along with component testing procedures and specifications. This information will be necessary in completing the next steps of your diagnosis.

总裁俱乐部appObserve the scanner data stream to compare exhaust (pre-cat and post-cat) temperature sensor data between engine banks. If inconsistencies are detected, test the exhaust temperature sensors using the DVOM. Sensors which fail to comply with manufacturer specifications, should be considered defective.

If all sensors and circuitry appear to be functioning as intended, suspect that the catalyst element is faulty or that the SCR system has failed.

Related DTC Discussions

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总裁俱乐部appNOTE: This information is presented for information purposes only. It is not intended as repair advice and we are not responsible for any actions you take on any vehicle. All information on this site is copyright protected.

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