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P20ED SCR NOx Pre-Catalyst - Over Temperature Bank 1

OBD-II Trouble Code Technical Description

Article by
Stephen Darby
Stephen Darby
ASE Certified Technician

SCR NOx Pre-Catalyst - Over Temperature Bank 1

What does that mean?

总裁俱乐部appThis is a generic diagnostic trouble code (DTC) and applies to many OBD-II vehicles (1996-newer). That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Audi, Buick, Chevrolet, Ford, GMC, Mercedes-Benz, Subaru, Toyota, Volkswagen etc. Although generic, the exact repair steps may vary depending on year, make, model and powertrain configuration.


 

总裁俱乐部appWhen a P20ED is stored in a diesel powered, OBD-II equipped vehicle, it means that the powertrain control module has detected that the temperature for the selective catalyst reduction system (SCR) system exceeds maximum allowable parameters. This particular code applies to the upstream temperature sensor for engine bank one. Bank one is the bank of the engine that contains the number one cylinder.

While modern, clean-burning diesel engines have many advantages over gasoline engines (especially in commercial truck applications), they also tend to produce more of certain harmful exhaust gases than other engines. The most notable of these offensive pollutants are ions of nitrogen oxide (NOx).

总裁俱乐部appExhaust gas recirculation (EGR) systems help to dramatically reduce NOx but many of today’s powerful diesel engines cannot meet strict federal (U.S.) emission standards using the EGR system alone. For this reason, SCR systems were developed.

SCR systems inject diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) into the exhaust in front of the catalytic converter or the NOx trap. The introduction of DEF raises exhaust gas temperature and allows the catalyst element to perform more efficiently. It makes the catalyst last longer and allows fewer NOx emissions to be released into the atmosphere.

Temperature sensors are placed before and after the catalyst to monitor its temperature and efficiency. The entire SCS system is controlled by either the PCM or a stand-alone controller which interacts with the PCM. EIther way, the controller monitors the temperature sensors (as well as other inputs) to determine the appropriate time for DEF injection. Precise DEF injection is necessary to maintain exhaust temperature within acceptable parameters and promote optimum NOx filtration.

If the PCM detects a pre-catalyst temperature that exceeds maximum allowable parameters, a code P20ED will be stored and a malfunction indicator lamp may be illuminated.


P20ED

What is the severity of this DTC?

总裁俱乐部appAny stored SCR related codes may initiate the SCR system being disabled. The stored code P20ED should be considered severe and addressed as quickly as possible. Catalyst damage could result if the code is not rectified quickly.

What are some of the symptoms of the code?

总裁俱乐部appSymptoms of a P20ED trouble code may include:

What are some of the common causes of the code?

总裁俱乐部appCauses for this code may include:

What are some P20ED troubleshooting steps?

总裁俱乐部appIf other SCR or exhaust emissions codes or exhaust temperature codes are stored, these should be addressed before attempting to diagnose the stored P20ED.

总裁俱乐部appAny pre-catalyst exhaust leaks should be repaired before attempting a diagnosis for this type of code.

Access to a diagnostic scanner, a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM), an infrared thermometer with a laser pointer, and a source of vehicle specific SCR system diagnostic information will be required to diagnose a code P20ED.

Locating a technical service bulletin (TSB) that matches the vehicle year, make, and model; as well as the engine size, code/s stored, and symptoms exhibited could yield helpful diagnostic information.

总裁俱乐部appBegin your diagnosis with a visual inspection of the SCR injection system, exhaust temperature sensors, NOx sensors, and oxygen (02) sensor harnesses and connectors. Burnt or damaged wiring and or connectors should be repaired or replaced before proceeding.

Continue by locating the vehicle diagnostic connector and plugging in the scanner. Retrieve all stored codes and pertinent freeze frame data and record this information before clearing the codes. Afterwards, test drive the vehicle until the PCM either enters readiness mode or the code is reset.

If the PCM does enter readiness mode, the code is intermittent and may be much more difficult to diagnose at this time. The conditions which contributed to the code being stored may need to worsen before a diagnosis can be reached.

If the code is reset immediately, search your source of vehicle information to obtain diagnostic flow charts, connector pin out charts, connector face views, along with component testing procedures and specifications. This information will be necessary in completing the next steps of your diagnosis.

Observe the scanner data stream to compare exhaust (pre-cat and post-cat) temperature sensor data between engine banks. If inconsistencies are detected, test the exhaust temperature sensors using the DVOM. Sensors which fail to comply with manufacturer specifications, should be considered defective.

If all sensors and circuitry appear to be functioning as intended, suspect that the catalyst element is faulty or that the SCR system has failed.

Related DTC Discussions

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NOTE: This information is presented for information purposes only. It is not intended as repair advice and we are not responsible for any actions you take on any vehicle. All information on this site is copyright protected.

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