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P20CD Exhaust Aftertreatment Fuel Injector A Control Circuit Low

OBD-II Trouble Code Technical Description

Article by
Stephen Darby
Stephen Darby
ASE Certified Technician

总裁俱乐部appExhaust Aftertreatment Fuel Injector A Control Circuit Low

What does that mean?

This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code and applies to many OBD-II vehicles (1996-newer). That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Mercedes Benz, Sprinter, GMC, Chevrolet, Ford, etc. Although generic, the exact repair steps may vary depending on year, make, model and powertrain configuration.


 

总裁俱乐部appIf your diesel powered vehicle has stored a code P20CD, it means that the powertrain control module (PCM) has detected insufficient voltage in the control circuit for the exhaust aftertreatment fuel injector, designated A. The designation A indicates that multiple reductant injectors are in use.

The exhaust aftertreatment system (also called selective catalyst reduction system) is used to enhance the capabilities of the exhaust catalyst system. It may consist of one or more of these items; diesel oxidation catalyst, diesel particulate filter, reductant injection system, ammonia slip catalyst, and a nitrogen oxide (NOx) trap.

Among other things, exhaust aftertreatment systems (EAS) are responsible for the injection of reductant compound/diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) into the exhaust in front of the diesel particulate filter, NOx trap, and/or the catalytic converter via an automated fluid storage and injection system. Introducing DEF into the catalyst system promotes filtration element longevity and allows fewer harmful exhaust emissions to be released into the atmosphere.

总裁俱乐部appThe EAS and catalyst systems are monitored and controlled by either the PCM or a stand-alone controller (which interacts with the PCM). The controller monitors the O2, NOx, and exhaust temperature sensors (as well as other inputs) to determine the appropriate time for DEF (reductant) injection. DEF injection must be performed at the appropriate instant and in precise measure in order to maintain an exhaust temperature that is within acceptable parameters and to optimize pollutant filtration.

If the PCM detects insufficient voltage on the control circuit for the EAS fuel injector, a code P20CD will be stored and a malfunction indicator lamp may be illuminated.


P20CD

What is the severity of this DTC?

总裁俱乐部appA stored code P20CD should be considered severe and addressed as quickly as possible. The EAS system may be damaged as a result of the conditions which contributed to the code P20CD being stored.

What are some of the symptoms of the code?

Symptoms of a P20CD trouble code may include:

What are some of the common causes of the code?

Causes for this code may include:

What are some P20CD troubleshooting steps?

A diagnostic scanner, a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM), and a source of vehicle specific diagnostic information will be required to diagnose a code P20CD.

总裁俱乐部appLocating a technical service bulletin (TSB) that matches the vehicle year, make, and model; as well as the engine size, code/s stored, and symptoms exhibited, could yield helpful diagnostic information.

I like to begin my diagnosis with a visual inspection of the EAS wiring harnesses and connectors. Burnt or damaged wiring and or connectors should be repaired or replaced before proceeding.

I would continue by plugging the scanner into the vehicle diagnostic connector and retrieving all stored codes and pertinent freeze frame data. Consider writing this information down before clearing the codes. Test drive the vehicle until the PCM either enters readiness mode or the code is reset.

If the PCM enters readiness mode at this time, the code is intermittent and may be much more difficult to diagnose If this is the case, the conditions which contributed to the code being stored may need to worsen before an accurate diagnosis can be made.

总裁俱乐部appIf the code is immediately reset, completing the next step of your diagnosis will require that you search your vehicle information source to obtain diagnostic flow charts, connector pin-out charts, connector face views, as well as component testing procedures and specifications. You may also use your vehicle iformation source to pin-point the exact location of EAS fuel injector A.

Use the DVOM to test (voltage drop) the power supply to the EAS control system. Test fuses with the circuit loaded to avoid misdiagnosis. If the appropriate power (battery voltage) and ground circuits are discovered, use the scanner to activate the EAS fuel injector (solenoid) and test output control circuit voltage. If voltage is insufficient, suspect that the controller is bad or has experienced a programming error.

总裁俱乐部appIf the voltage output circuit is within parameters, use the DVOM to test the EAS fuel injector in question. If the injector fails to meet manufacturer’s specifications, suspect that it has failed.

Related DTC Discussions

Need more help with a P20CD code?

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NOTE: This information is presented for information purposes only. It is not intended as repair advice and we are not responsible for any actions you take on any vehicle. All information on this site is copyright protected.

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