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OBD Codes
Your OBD-II Trouble Codes Repair Site

P0AFC Hybrid Battery Pack Sensor Module

OBD-II Trouble Code Technical Description

Article by
Stephen Darby
Stephen Darby
ASE Certified Technician

总裁俱乐部appHybrid Battery Pack Sensor Module

What does that mean?

This is a generic diagnostic trouble code (DTC) and applies to many OBD-II vehicles (1996-newer). That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Toyota, Honda, Ford, Subaru, etc. Although generic, the exact repair steps may vary depending on year, make, model and powertrain configuration.


 

If your OBD II equipped, hybrid vehicle (HV) has stored a code P0AFC, it means that the powertrain control module (PCM) has detected a malfunction in the hybrid battery pack sensor module. The hybrid battery pack sensor module is more commonly referred to as the hybrid vehicle battery control module (HVBCM). This code should be exhibited only in hybrid vehicles.

总裁俱乐部appThe primary responsibility of the HVBCM (which interacts with the PCM and other controllers) is to monitor and control the the high-voltage battery pack. Twenty-eight (nickel metal-hydride) batteries, configured of eight separate 1.2-volt cells - arranged in series, make up the HV battery pack. The high voltage hybrid battery packs are wired in series with busbar connectors and sections of high voltage copper cable.

Battery temperature, individual cell resistance, battery charge levels, and overall battery pack condition are included among the functions monitored and calculated by the HVBMS.

The HVBMS receives input data from each individual cell in order to monitor individual battery/cell temperature and resistance levels in the battery pack. This information is used to regulate battery charge rates and operate battery cooling fans (among other things). Each individual cell (or battery, depending upon the type of system) is outfitted with an integrated ammeter/temperature sensor.

If the HVBMS provides the PCM with an input signal that indicates a HVBCM (hybrid battery pack sensor module) malfunction has occurred, a code P0AFC will be stored and a malfunction indicator lamp may be illuminated. Most vehicle applications will require multiple failure cycles prior to MIL illumination.

A typical hybrid battery pack:
P0AFC Hybrid Battery Pack

What is the severity of this DTC?

Hybrid battery pack sensor module/HVBCM failure (and a stored code P0AFC) could result in deactivation of the electric propulsion system. The P0AFC should be addressed with urgency.

What are some of the symptoms of the code?

Symptoms of a P0AFC trouble code may include:

What are some of the common causes of the code?

Causes for this code may include:

What are some P0AFC troubleshooting steps?

The high-voltage battery system should only be serviced by qualified personnel.

Access to a diagnostic scanner, a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM), and a source of HV battery system diagnostic information will be necessary before attempting to diagnose a code P0AFC.

总裁俱乐部appI like to begin my diagnosis with a visual inspection of the HV battery pack and all controller area network (CAN) harnesses. I would focus on signs of corrosion, damage, or other obviously open circuits. Remove corrosion and repair (or replace) defective circuitry as required. Before performing any battery load testing, make sure that there are no corrosion issues present on the battery pack, that all connections are secure, and that the battery pack is fully charged.

总裁俱乐部appProceed by connecting the scanner to the vehicle diagnostic connector and retrieving all stored codes and pertinent freeze frame data. Record this information before clearing the codes and test driving the vehicle until the PCM either enters readiness mode or the code is reset.

If the PCM enters readiness mode (no codes stored) at this point; the code is intermittent and may be much more difficult to diagnose.

You may suspect a defective HVBCM/PCM or a controller programming error if all controller power (input) and ground circuits are intact and there is no sensor power (output) supply voltage from the HVBCM/PCM. Controller replacement will require reprogramming.

总裁俱乐部appIf there is no HVBCM supply voltage present, test all related controller power supply fuses and relays. Replace defective components as required.

Any controller that shows signs of water, heat, or collision damage should be considered defective.

Related DTC Discussions

Need more help with a P0AFC code?

If you still need help regarding the P0AFC trouble code, please post your question in our FREE car repair forums.

NOTE: This information is presented for information purposes only. It is not intended as repair advice and we are not responsible for any actions you take on any vehicle. All information on this site is copyright protected.

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