P0896 Shift Time Too Long
OBD-II Trouble Code Technical Description
ASE Certified Technician
Shift Time Too Long
What does that mean?
This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code and applies to many OBD-II vehicles (1996-newer). That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Volvo, Mercedes Benz, Ford, Dodge, BMW, Land Rover, Citroen, Peugeot, etc. Although generic, the exact repair steps may vary depending on year, make, model and powertrain configuration.
总裁俱乐部appIf your vehicle has stored a code P0896, it means that the powertrain control module (PCM) has received a data input signal from the input and output speed sensors which indicates that the interval to shift between gears is excessive.
总裁俱乐部appThe transmission control module (TCM) may be a stand alone unit but is most commonly integrated into a single housing with the engine control module (ECM). This is called the PCM.
总裁俱乐部appThe PCM utilizes input signals from multiple engine and transmission sensors to calculate automatic transmission shift strategy. A high pressure pump (inside the transmission) forces fluid through the valve body and into the sprag assembly; in addition to lubricating and cooling the transmission. The high pressure fluid allows the clutches to separate from the sprag momentarily so that the gear ratio may be changed smoothly. One or more electronic pressure control (EPC) solenoids help to regulate fluid pressure. Electronic pressure (EP) sensors provide the PCM with pertinent data regarding fluid pressure at various points in the transmission. Electronic shift solenoids are used to interrupt the flow of high pressure fluid so that the transmission shifts gears when commanded. The PCM uses voltage input signals from the transmission input speed sensor and transmission output speed sensor to determine if the transmission is shifting efficiently.
As with many other automatic transmission malfunctions, a transmission shift time code may be caused by electrical or mechanical failure. If the PCM detects that shift time is excessive, a code P0896 may be stored and a malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) illuminated.
What is the severity of this DTC?
总裁俱乐部appA stored code P0896 indicates that a serious shifting problem has been detected. Conditions which contributed to a code of this nature being stored should be rectified as quickly as possible.
What are some of the symptoms of the code?
总裁俱乐部appSymptoms of a P0896 trouble code may include:
- Excessive transmission fluid pressure
- Delayed and/or harsh gear engagement
- Erratic transmission shift patterns
- Unusual whining noise from transmission
What are some of the common causes of the code?
总裁俱乐部appCauses for this code may include:
- Defective high pressure pump in the transmission
- Catastrophic internal (mechanical) transmission failure
- Shorted wiring for EPC solenoid or EP sensors
- Bad EPC solenoid or EP sensor
- Faulty PCM or a programming error
What are some P0896 troubleshooting steps?
总裁俱乐部appWhen diagnosing automatic transmission codes, you should begin by making sure that the transmission fluid is clean and that the transmission if filled to the appropriate level. If the fluid level is low, locate the source of the leak and repair the condition. Refill the transmission with the recommended fluid and proceed.
If the fluid is excessively dark and smells strongly of burnt friction material, it will need to be replaced. This can be accomplished by removing the transmission pan (and draining the torque converter) or flushing the transmission (recommended). Either way, you will want to replace the filter at this time too. When removing the pan from the transmission, take care to preserve whatever debris may have landed therein. If the pan is relatively clear of debris you can assume that the clutches are mechanically intact. If there is an excessive amount of friction material in the pan (and stuck to the magnet), the transmission will require a rebuild from a qualified technician.
总裁俱乐部appA diagnostic scanner, a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM), and a source of vehicle specific diagnostic information will be required to diagnose a code P0896. A manual transmission fluid pressure gauge will be required to check actual transmission pump (fluid) pressure.
You may use your source of vehicle information to locate a technical service bulletin (TSB) that matches the vehicle year, make, and model; as well as the engine size, code/s stored, and symptoms exhibited. If you find one, it could yield helpful diagnostic information.
With the transmission filled to the appropriate level with the recommended fluid, proceed with the first step of the diagnosis.
总裁俱乐部appUse the manual pressure gauge to test transmission fluid pressure at the appropriate opening on the transmission. If transmission fluid pressure is not within recommended specifications, the pump may need to be rebuilt or replaced. A transmission rebuild is generally in order if this is the case. If fluid is within specs; proceed to Step 2.
Use the scanner (connected to the vehicle diagnostic connector) to retrieve all stored codes and pertinent freeze frame data. It is a good idea to write this information down before clearing the codes then test-drive the vehicle until the PCM either enters readiness mode or the code is reset.
总裁俱乐部appIf the PCM enters readiness mode at this time, the code is intermittent and may be much more difficult to diagnose. If this is the case, the conditions which contributed to the code being stored may need to worsen before an accurate diagnosis can be made.
If the code is immediately reset, the next step of your diagnosis will require that you search your vehicle information source for diagnostic flow-charts, connector pin-out charts, connector face views, and component testing procedures/specifications.
总裁俱乐部appUse the DVOM to test voltage and ground circuits at the EPC solenoid and EP sensors. If voltage and ground are detected, test the EPC solenoid and the EP sensors. Any components which fail to comply with recommended specifications should be considered defective. If the components are functional test the signal circuit that is input to the PCM.
If EPC solenoids and EP sensors are functional, and the signal input is present, use the DVOM to test system circuits. The voltage drop testing method works well for this task. Disconnect all controllers from the circuit prior to testing resistance with the DVOM.
- High-mileage vehicles may experience transmission high-pressure pump failure
- Transmission shift time codes may be caused by a low fluid condition
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