P0812 Reverse Input Circuit
OBD-II Trouble Code Technical Description
ASE Certified Technician
总裁俱乐部appReverse Input Circuit
What does that mean?
总裁俱乐部appThis diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code and applies to many OBD-II vehicles (1996-newer). That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Toyota, Honda, Acura, Lexus, Geo, General Motors, etc. Although generic, the exact repair steps may vary depending on year, make, model and powertrain configuration.
If your vehicle has stored a code P0812, it means that the powertrain control module (PCM) has detected a malfunction in the reverse input signal circuit.
The transmission control module (TCM) may be a stand alone module or part of the PCM. Like the TCM, the reverse sensor for the transmission may be a single component or it may be part of the neutral safety switch. Vehicle applications with a manual transmission typically use a separate reverse position sensor and automatic transmissions use the neutral safety switch.
总裁俱乐部appThe transmission controller calculates data from the vehicle speed sensor and wheel speed sensors to determine whether or not the vehicle is in motion; and in what direction. The PCM also runs self tests periodically to make sure that system circuit voltage is within parameters.
总裁俱乐部appIf the PCM detects that the vehicle is moving in a reverse direction without the appropriate reverse sensor signal, a code P0812 may be stored and a malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) illuminated. Multiple ignition cycles (with a failure) may be required for MIL illumination.
What is the severity of this DTC?
总裁俱乐部appA stored code P0812 indicates that either a serious electrical issue or some type of mechanical failure has occurred. At any rate, conditions which contributed to a code of this nature being stored should be rectified as quickly as possible.
What are some of the symptoms of the code?
Symptoms of a P0812 trouble code may include:
- Reverse lamps are inoperative
- Reverse lamps are continuously illuminated
- No symptoms may be exhibited
What are some of the common causes of the code?
总裁俱乐部appCauses for this code may include:
- Defective reverse position sensor
- Bad Neutral safety switch
- Shorted wiring for reverse position sensor
- Faulty PCM or a programming error
What are some P0812 troubleshooting steps?
总裁俱乐部appA diagnostic scanner, a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM), and a source of vehicle specific diagnostic information will be required to diagnose a code P0812.
You may use your source of vehicle information to locate a technical service bulletin (TSB) that matches the vehicle year, make, and model; as well as the engine size, code/s stored, and symptoms exhibited. If you find one, it could yield helpful diagnostic information.
总裁俱乐部appUse the scanner (connected to the vehicle diagnostic connector) to retrieve all stored codes and pertinent freeze frame data. It is a good idea to write this information down before clearing the codes then test-drive the vehicle until the PCM either enters readiness mode or the code is reset.
If the PCM enters readiness mode at this time, the code is intermittent and may be much more difficult to diagnose. If this is the case, the conditions which contributed to the code being stored may need to worsen before an accurate diagnosis can be made.
If the code is immediately reset, the next step of your diagnosis will require that you search your vehicle information source for diagnostic flow-charts, connector pin-out charts, connector face views, and component testing procedures/specifications.
总裁俱乐部appUse the DVOM to test voltage, ground, and signal at the reverse position sensor or neutral safety switch. Reverse position sensor input and output circuits typically consist of either reference voltage (transmission in reverse) or ground (transmission not in reverse).
If system circuits are functional, use the DVOM to test the appropriate reverse position sensor. Replace sensors that do not test within system parameters.
- Reverse position sensor codes are most often attributed to sensor failure
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